What challenges do today's students face? What skills will they need to be successful in the future? How can artificial intelligence help students? The main subject of the expert discussion "The Future of Education in Russia" held on the first day of Gaidar Forum-2021 was the problems of the Russian education system and the ways of their solution.
Among the participants in the panel discussion were Herman Gref, Chief Executive Officer, Chairman of the Executive Board of Sberbank, Mikhail Burtsev, Head of the Laboratory of Neural Systems and Deep Learning at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Andrei Kurpatov, President of the Higher School of Methodology and Scientific Director of the Neuroscience and Human Behavior Laboratory at Sberbank, Katerina Polivanova, Research Director of the Modern Childhood Research Center (Education Institute of the Higher School of Economics), Mikhail Kuznetsov, a 1st year student of the MIFI National Research Nuclear University, Vladimir Sachkov, a 11th grader, and Alexandra Bulanova, a 9th grader.
According to the panelists, the Russian education system needs modernization providing for implementation of artificial intelligence in vocational guidance for schoolchildren; lowering of general stress levels; involvement in teamwork; and development of a mentoring institute for teachers.
"Russian education lacks career guidance practices at school; children spend most of their time at education institutions, but after graduation they do not understand what they want to do, they choose a university due to vague preferences or parental guidance. In addition, the transition from school to university is stressful because one has to adapt to a different environment," said the first-year student of the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI Mikhail Kuznetsov.
In turn, the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Executive Board of Sberbank Herman Gref said that school teachers need to be mentors, conduct decision-making classes, which are held only at five or six Russian universities, as well as develop soft skills and introduce artificial intelligence in the educational environment.
"In order to develop education and keep children interested, we need to develop soft skills and digital skills, provide decision-making lessons, personalize children, teach them to lead discussions and work in groups, and move from knowledge to skills," Mr Gref says.
According to Mikhail Burtsev, Head of the Laboratory of Neural Systems and Deep Learning at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, artificial intelligence will play a key role in the choice of a future profession, as a personalized algorithm will be involved. "It can take into account the characteristics of children from birth, analyze their teamwork, follow their interests and recommend the teenager to get involved in projects based on their aptitudes and preferences. The final decision will be up to the individual, but there has to be a recommendation and personalization," Burtsev said.
According to Andrei Kurpatov, President of the Higher School of Methodology and Scientific Supervisor of Neuroscience and Human Behaviour Laboratory at Sberbank, digital consumption and education are inevitable, children's attention and perception has changed, so digital educational platforms can create content that attracts the attention of children. "Also, critically important is mentoring of teachers who would help kids with teamwork. Our children will now learn on digital platforms, and teachers will no longer just be knowledge carriers, they will become cultural experience carriers," Kurpatov opined.
Photographer: Gavriil Grigorov / TASS
The Gaidar Forum “Russia and the World After the Pandemic” will be held on January 14 and 15 at the Presidential Academy. The Forum will traditionally open the annual business agenda of Russia. In 2021, this large-scale event will be held in a hybrid format, both online and offline.
This time, the main discussion track will be social and economic transformations that have occurred in the country and the world as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The expert discussions will be focused on the national and global development goals and the search for practical solutions to the most urgent challenges of today. The Forum’s participants include ministers from the Russian Government, members of the Federal Assembly, governors of the Russian regions, largest world experts, representatives of foreign states.
The general partners of the Gaidar Forum are Gazprom PJSC and Gazprombank JSC.
The strategic partners are Russian Railways OJSC, Johnson&Johnson, ACIG Group, Novartis.
The partner of the forum is MasterCard, Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF)
The discussion partners are Magnit, Pepsi, Huawei, Coca-Cola, AstraZeneca, Takeda, EY.
General media partners: TASS, Business FM, RIA Novosti, RBC. Strategic media partners: Interfax, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Kommersant Publishing House, RIA FederalPress, Invest-Foresight magazine. Main media partners: Anews, News.ru, lenta.ru. International media partners: Russia Today.
Media partners: PRO Business TV channel, AEI PRIME, Polit.ru, Strategy magazine, Public Administration magazine, Ekonomika i Zhizn newspaper, Econs portal, Finam, Bankovskoye Obozreniye magazine, Parlamentskaya Gazeta, Snob media project, Echo of Moscow radio station, Nauchno-Obrazovatelnaya Politika Telegram channel.