FROM CITY TO AGGLOMERATION
Tadashi Matsumoto, Head of Unit, Sustainable Development and Global Relations, OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
Irek Fayzullin, Minister of Construction and Housing and Communal Services of the Russian Federation
Denis Filippov, Deputy General Director of DOM.RF, General Director of DOM.RF Fund
Urban problems need to be solved through dialogue between the city and the region, defining the functional boundaries of the territory - the agglomeration. The problems of transport accessibility, infrastructure development and management of labour migration cannot be solved without cooperation between the authorities of neighbouring entities, cities and different levels of government.
Russia's major cities are not dots on a map, but people who commute to work in the megacity from the region every day. If there are multidirectional processes in neighbouring territories, whose management is not harmonised with each other, this leads to acute problems. For example, if one region restrains construction volumes, while the other does not, migration and infrastructure problems may arise in particular: higher flat prices, reduced number of jobs, etc.
At the same time, it is necessary that housing remains affordable and there are jobs in the region. Therefore, a number of Russian cities and regions are already practicing a new format of managing their territories, for example, the Rostov, Saratov, and Nizhny Novgorod agglomerations.
Unlike in OECD countries, Russia has no official statistical record of agglomerations. Therefore, the Russian government has launched a project with the OECD to define functional boundaries for 38 Russian cities in 2021 in accordance with international standards.