WILL TELEWORK FORM A FUTURE EMPLOYMENT MARKET PATTERN?
Anton Kotyakov, Minister of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation
Tatiana Maleva, Director of Social Analysis and Forecasting Institute, RANEPA
A gradual increase in the share of telework had been observed in most developed countries of the world until 2020. In 2020, large-scale lockdowns in a number of countries, including Russia, have significantly increased the share of telework and other remote forms of economic activity. The experience of 2020 shows, on the one hand, a significant advantage of the new form of employment (more employment flexibility, cheaper jobs, reduced rent costs, electricity bills, etc.); on the other hand, it resulted in new challenges for the market participants (weaker labor discipline, the need to strengthen HR management, the need to invest in technical and digital support of telework, etc.). These processes have raised the question of how quickly and substantially remote forms of employment will spread in the medium and long run and what changes in the labor market they will result in.
Issues for discussion:
• The scale of remote employment in the world and Russia: lessons learned from the epidemic crisis
• Which types of economic activity and what professions will experience particular growth of telework?
• Remote employment and the role of personal communication
• Remote or combined employment?
• Are changes required in the regulation of telework and the labor legislation?
• How can a company measure the effectiveness of telework? Labor intensity, productivity and efficiency