EXPERT EVALUATION IN RUSSIA: BETWEEN COUNSELING AND PUBLIC POLICY
Yaroslav Kuzminov, Academic Supervisor, National Research University Higher School of Economics
Expert evaluation in Russia has gone through several phases: from relying on foreign experts and copying established foreign models to open discussion, the predominance of evaluation by the customer’s opponents and the displacement of independent expert evaluation by commercial consulting. Today, both the customer (be it the state, a megalopolis, or a private corporation) and the expert community are in search of a new format for their interaction
Over the past thirty years there has been a search for optimal forms of expert work. Departmental (administratively dependent) expert evaluation; consulting determined by market interests of consultants; critical public expert evaluation, expert work of public councils. The peculiarity of Russia in this sphere is the significant role of science. The expert evaluation by leading scientific institutions — the RAS, universities, and research centers — reveals itself to be the most independent and, at the same time, not focused on a purely public effect.
The creation of the Expert Council by the Russian Government in December 2021 makes it necessary to discuss models and prospects for expert activity.
• How have the image and tasks of experts changed since the early 2000s?
• Can expert evaluation replace international consulting?
• What tasks can the new composition of the Expert Council under the Government accomplish?
• Background of expert evaluation. Research; consulting experience, practitioner experience — how should they be combined?